Subway® believes that where our ingredients come from and how our animals are bred, raised, transported, and slaughtered are integral to preparing great food for our guests. Our consumers and stakeholders expect sourcing practices to reflect the highest standards. Subway’s® animal welfare policy outlines our commitment to meeting our stakeholders' expectations.
Our animal welfare policy is founded on the Five Freedoms principles proposed by the Farm Animal Welfare Council (FAWC) on the protection of animals kept for farming purposes.
As part of our ongoing commitment to improving animal welfare throughout our supply chain, we are happy to be working with Compassion in World Farming (CIWF), a widely recognized global leader in animal welfare. In collaboration with CIWF, we will continue to evaluate emerging and evolving systems and practices to advance long-term improvements in animal welfare throughout our global supply chain.
Subway® takes the issue of antimicrobial resistance seriously and believes that responsible stewardship of antibiotics in the raising of farm animals is an essential component of our commitment to responsible sourcing. Our policy is that antibiotics can be used to treat, and control disease, but not for growth promotion or routine disease prevention of farm animals. Antibiotics are never used to promote growth or used prophylactically. Subway® has developed a Global Antibiotics policy – in line with the World Health Organization (WHO) – for the responsible use of antibiotics within our supply chain and to address antibiotic overuse in animal protection. The Global Antibiotics Policy aligns to WHO recommendations to eliminate the use of antibiotics that are important to human health.
Click here to read our Animal Welfare Policy
Click here to read our Global Antibiotics Policy
Subway®’s research processes and those of our partners are confidential for competitive reasons. However, Subway® does not conduct or fund research – including research funded by Subway® but performed by third parties – that utilizes any cloned organisms. Furthermore, any meat, dairy, poultry, fish or egg derived from a cloned animal, including subsequent generations, must not be used in Subway® menu offerings.
Subway® is committed to constantly improving and doing our part to take care of the planet and communities around the globe.
We’ve ensured that all palm oil used in Subway products in Europe comes from certified sustainable sources (RSPO) and that our all eggs in Europe are free range.
We encourage you to continue to check this page as we regularly update our progress.
Subway® European Chicken Commitment
At Subway®, we take the welfare of our chicken supply seriously. In 2021, we signed the European Chicken Commitment (ECC), which requires our suppliers* to review current practices and meet the standards for 100% of the chicken* in its European managed supply chain.
What is Subway®’s commitment?
Subway® made a commitment that it intends to adhere to the ECC with the understanding that achieving the ECC standard will require industry-wide change. We also commit to participate in industry wide roundtables and deep-dive into the ECC with our suppliers to map out a feasible roadmap for transition. Subway® continues to work closely with Compassion in World Farming and its supply chain with the intent to create a viable roadmap to achieve long term change.
We can’t do this alone, and with the support of the industry and our suppliers we will continue to monitor our progress against six requirements to help transform 100% of chicken* welfare for the better in our European supply chain. Signing up to the European Chicken Commitment isn’t a tick box exercise, we do it because we believe in the need for better chicken welfare, and the safety and quality of our product.
Where do we stand after a year?
Subway® requires suppliers to report on their chicken welfare and we have committed to assessing progress through supplier questionnaires, third party assurance certifications and site audit reports. Listed below, is an update on the progress we’ve made to date since joining in July 2021.
- Nearly 40% of broiler chickens that are reared at stocking densities of 30kg/m2
- Approx 40% of broiler chickens provided with specific environmental enrichment such as natural light
- 44% of broiler chickens provided with specific environmental enrichment such as perches and pecking substrates
- 13% leg cull rate in each year
- Nearly 50% of third-party auditing
The six ECC requirements:
1. Comply with all EU animal welfare laws and regulations, regardless of the country of production.
2. Implement a maximum stocking density of 30kg/m2 or less. Thinning is discouraged and if practiced must be limited to one thin per flock.
3. Adopt breeds that demonstrate higher welfare outcomes: either the following breeds, Hubbard Redbro (indoor use only); Hubbard Norfolk Black, JA757, JACY57, 787, 957, or 987, Rambler Ranger, Ranger Classic, and Ranger Gold, or other breeds that meet the criteria of the RSPCA Broiler Breed Welfare Assessment Protocol.
4. Meet improved environmental standards including:
- At least 50 lux of light, including natural light.
- At least two metres of usable perch space, and two pecking substrates, per 1,000 birds.
- On air quality, the maximum requirements of Annex 2.3 of the EU broiler directive, regardless of stocking density.
- No cages or multi-tier systems.
5. Adopt controlled atmospheric stunning using inert gas or multi-phase systems, or effective electrical stunning without live inversion.
6. Demonstrate compliance with the above standards via third-party auditing and annual public reporting on progress towards this commitment.
Statement of Intent
Electrical waterbath stunning is the main method used globally for the slaughter of poultry. There are, however, significant animal welfare concerns with this method and in 2012 the European Food Safety Authority called for an end to its use. Effective electric alternatives are yet to be developed. However, recognising that under halal standards, Controlled Atmosphere Systems may not be accepted as the animal must not be dead at the time of slaughter (cutting), it is a bare minimum that a stunning method which renders the animal insensible to pain, but still alive, is developed and adopted as soon as possible –
We Subway® agree to:
- Actively press our suppliers and support the latest research projects to find alternatives to electrical waterbath as a matter of urgency;
- Support the call for the use of water bath stunning to be banned by 2026, and new, more humane systems for the effective electric stunning of poultry without conscious inversion to be developed and commercially available by no later than 1st January 2026;
- Commit to investing and adopting such a stunning method (without conscious inversion) as soon as it is commercially available.
*This applies to all fresh, frozen and processed chicken in Subway's® European managed supply chain
 ESFA 2012 report, pg 35
 For example, by engaging with the Effective Electrical Stunning roundtable convened by Compassion in World Farming